Global warming and associated climate changes are among the greatest challenges of our time.
Responding to this challenge requires both mitigation measures that reduce global emissions of GHGs and adaptation measures that increase climate change resilience.
The development and adoption of new technology are cornerstones in national plans for addressing climate change. For mitigation, particular emphasis is put on
- escalating renewable power generation,
- boosting the adoption of energy efficiency measures, and
- developing ways to reduce GHG emissions from continued consumption of fossil fuels.
Adaptation requires technologies that enhance the resilience of assets and infrastructure, while information and communication technology will be essential in shaping a society in which a more sustainable consumption of resources is a central tenet.